Manual therapy or joint mobilization/manipulation techniques are frequently used in the field of physical therapy and involve specific hands on techniques applied by the treating therapist.  Manual therapy is used to decrease pain and limitations in movement or function which are the result of tight muscles, other soft tissues or restricted joint motion. These techniques are specific to the structures which they are applied and are most often used along with other physical therapy techniques involving exercise, coordination and general movement instruction in order to maximize their benefit to the patient.